系统部署之keepalived安装

系统部署之keepalived安装

安装文件

  • keepalived-1.3.5.tar.gz

编译安装

./configure
make && make install

修改配置

机器1

/etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf 

! Configuration File for keepalived
global_defs {
    notification_email {
        root@localhost
    }
    notification_email_from www@example.com
    smtp_server mail.example.com
    smtp_connect_timeout 30
    router_id LVS_DEVEL
}
vrrp_script chk_nginx {
    script "/etc/keepalived/check_nginx.sh" 
    interval 2 
    weight -5 
    fall 3  
    rise 2 
}
vrrp_instance VI_1 {
    state MASTER
    interface 网卡接口名
    virtual_router_id 51
    priority 101
    advert_int 1
    authentication {
        auth_type PASS
        auth_pass 1111
    }
    virtual_ipaddress {
        虚拟地址1
    }
    track_script {
       chk_nginx 
    }
}
vrrp_instance VI_2 {
    state BACKUP
    interface 网卡接口名
    virtual_router_id 52
    priority 100
    advert_int 1
    authentication {
        auth_type PASS
        auth_pass 1111
    }
    virtual_ipaddress {
        虚拟地址2
    }
    track_script {
       chk_nginx
    }
}

机器2

! Configuration File for keepalived
global_defs {
    notification_email {
        root@localhost
    }
    notification_email_from www@example.com
    smtp_server mail.example.com
    smtp_connect_timeout 30
    router_id LVS_DEVEL
}
vrrp_script chk_nginx {
    script "/etc/keepalived/check_nginx.sh" 
    interval 2 
    weight -5 
    fall 3  
    rise 2 
}
vrrp_instance VI_1 {
    state BACKUP
    interface 网卡接口名
    virtual_router_id 51
    priority 100
    advert_int 1
    authentication {
        auth_type PASS
        auth_pass 1111
    }
    virtual_ipaddress {
        虚拟地址1
    }
    track_script {
       chk_nginx 
    }
}
vrrp_instance VI_2 {
    state MASTER
    interface 网卡接口名
    virtual_router_id 52
    priority 101
    advert_int 1
    authentication {
        auth_type PASS
        auth_pass 1111
    }
    virtual_ipaddress {
        虚拟地址2
    }
    track_script {
       chk_nginx
    }
}

nginx检查脚本

check_nginx.sh 

#!/bin/bash
counter=$(ps -C nginx --no-heading|wc -l)
if [ "${counter}" = "0" ]; then
    /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx
    sleep 2
    counter=$(ps -C nginx --no-heading|wc -l)
    if [ "${counter}" = "0" ]; then
        service keepalived stop
    fi
fi

系统服务

/lib/systemd/system/keepalived.service

[Unit]
Description=LVS and VRRP High Availability Monitor
After=syslog.target network.target

[Service]
Type=simple
PIDFile=/usr/local/var/run/keepalived.pid
KillMode=process
EnvironmentFile=-/usr/local/etc/sysconfig/keepalived
ExecStart=/usr/local/sbin/keepalived --dont-fork -D
ExecReload=/bin/kill -HUP $MAINPID

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

测试

尝试关闭一台keepalived服务,查看另一台网络端口情况

注意事项

  • 防火墙启用状态下执行
firewall-cmd --direct --permanent --add-rule ipv4 filter INPUT 0 \
  --in-interface enp0s8 --destination 224.0.0.18 --protocol vrrp -j ACCEPT

firewall-cmd --direct --permanent --add-rule ipv4 filter OUTPUT 0 \
  --out-interface enp0s8 --destination 224.0.0.18 --protocol vrrp -j ACCEPT

firewall-cmd --reload

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